5G – the technology is very complicated and is completely different from 3G or LTE, being actually split in two. This imposes certain restrictions on both operators and manufacturers of compatible smartphones, which are forced to learn two independent standards. As a result, some vendors, such as Apple, say, so far have not been able to release their own iPhone with support for fifth-generation networks. The reason was the difficulty in mastering the short-wave standard, which provides the highest throughput, and therefore it was decided to do this gradually.
The fifth generation networks consist of two standards: NSA (non-standalone) and SA (standalone), which operate at frequencies less than and greater than 6 GHz, respectively. The work of the first standard, in fact, is ensured by the same capacities as the operation of LTE, therefore it works with the same frequencies, which negatively affects its speed. At the same time, the second standard, also known as the “real” 5G, operates at mmWave frequencies (6 GHz) and is potentially capable of speeds above 1 Gbit / s. True, because of the short wave, such a standard requires the mandatory presence of a large number of towers nearby, which many operators do not have.
When will the iPhone 5G come out.
The iPhone 12, which will be released in September 2020, will have limited 5G support, working only with the long-wave standard, while the launch of the model working at mmWave frequencies will tentatively take place in January 2021, analyst Ming-Chi Kuo said. According to him, Apple does not have time to release a smartphone with a “real” 5G, which could simultaneously work in two standards at once. Therefore, Cupertino decided that they will first release an iPhone with 5G NSA support so as not to lose market share, and then put on sale a more advanced device.
How bad is that? Well, on the one hand, of course, Apple is seriously lagging behind its competitors, many of which have already begun to release smartphones equipped with modems that support two 5G standards at once. But, on the other hand, operators have practically no infrastructure to support the mmWave standard, which provides high bandwidth and speeds up to 1 Gbit / s. But only this speed is considered a characteristic feature of the “real” 5G, which in the future should transfer all the calculations to the cloud and make it possible to use headsets of mixed reality.
5G modem for iPhone.
It is hard to say what exactly the delay in launch is connected with. Perhaps the whole point is that Apple joined Qualcomm too late, with which it had been in a quarrel for a long time and could not work together with it to adapt 5G technology. And, perhaps, Cupertino even wants the iPhone 2021, which will be equipped with support for real fifth-generation networks, to be equipped with its proprietary modem, the development of which the company is conducting right now, using the achievements of Intel. True, whether Apple’s own modem can surpass Qualcomm’s solution is a big question.
Another problem Apple will encounter at launch is, of course, the issue of pricing. Installing a 5G-compatible modem in the iPhone will certainly lead to a rise in the cost of its production and increase in cost, which Cupertino will be required to put in the price. However, in this case, the devices run the risk of becoming more expensive, and their price can rise from $ 1,000 to at least 1,100, which for many can turn out to be quite a serious increase. And since 5G is not available in all countries of the world, most likely you should not wait for high sales of iPhones with support for fifth-generation networks.